scratch

scratch
skræ 
1. verb
1) (to mark or hurt by drawing a sharp point across: The cat scratched my hand; How did you scratch your leg?; I scratched myself on a rose bush.) arañar
2) (to rub to relieve itching: You should try not to scratch insect bites.) rascar(se)
3) (to make by scratching: He scratched his name on the rock with a sharp stone.) rascar, rayar, grabar
4) (to remove by scratching: She threatened to scratch his eyes out.) arrancar
5) (to withdraw from a game, race etc: That horse has been scratched.) retirar

2. noun
1) (a mark, injury or sound made by scratching: covered in scratches; a scratch at the door.) arañazo, rasguño, raspadura, marca, señal
2) (a slight wound: I hurt myself, but it's only a scratch.) rasguño
3) (in certain races or competitions, the starting point for people with no handicap or advantage.) línea de salida
- scratchiness
- scratch the surface
- start from scratch
- up to scratch

scratch1 n rasguño / arañazo
there's a scratch on your car tu coche tiene un rasguño
scratch2 vb
1. rascar
if it itches, scratch it si te pica, ráscate
2. arañar
the cat scratched me el gato me ha arañado
3. rayar
somebody has scratched your car alguien te ha rayado el coche
scratch
tr[skræʧ]
noun
1 (on skin) arañazo, rasguño; (on paintwork, furniture) arañazo, raspadura, marca, señal nombre masculino; (on record, photo) raya
we escaped without a scratch salimos ilesos
there's a scratch on this record este disco está rayado
2 (noise) chirrido
3 SMALLSPORT/SMALL (start line) línea de salida
adjective (comp scratchier, superl scratchiest)
1 (improvised) improvisado,-a
we put together a scratch team improvisamos un equipo
2 (without handicap) sin hándicap
scratch golfer golfista sin hándicap
transitive verb
1 (with nail, claw) arañar, rasguñar; (paintwork, furniture, record) rayar; (with initials etc) grabar
be careful the cat doesn't scratch you! ¡ojo que no te arañe el gato!
2 (part of body) rascar
could you scratch my back? ¿me puedes rascar la espalda?
she scratched her leg se rascó la pierna
3 SMALLSPORT/SMALL retirar
4 (idea) descartar; (plan) abandonar
intransitive verb
1 (animal) arañar, rascar, rasguñar; (pen) raspear; (wool, sweater, towel) raspar, picar
does your cat scratch? ¿tu gato araña?
the dog is scratching at the door el perro está arañando la puerta
this jumper scratches este jersey pica
2 (itch) rascarse
stop scratching! ¡deja de rascarte!
3 SMALLSPORT/SMALL retirarse
\
SMALLIDIOMATIC EXPRESSION/SMALL
to be/come up to scratch dar la talla, ser del nivel requerido
to scratch one's head (think) calentarse la cabeza, darle vueltas en la cabeza
to scratch somebody's eyes out sacarle los ojos a alguien
to scratch the surface of something tratar algo muy por encima
this article doesn't even scratch the surface of the problem este artículo no profundiza en el problema
to start from scratch empezar de cero, partir de cero
you scratch my back and I'll scratch yours favor con favor se paga, hoy por ti y mañana por mí
scratch card rasca rasca nombre masculino
scratch pad SMALLAMERICAN ENGLISH/SMALL bloc nombre masculino de notas
scratch test SMALLMEDICINE/SMALL cutirreacción nombre femenino
scratch ['skræʧ] vt
1) : arañar, rasguñar
to scratch an itch: rascarse
2) mark: rayar, marcar
3)
to scratch out : tachar
scratch n
1) : rasguño m, arañazo m (en la piel), rayón m (en un mueble, etc.)
2) : sonido m rasposo
I heard a scratch at the door: oí como que raspaban a la puerta
scratch
adj.
improvisado, -a adj.
rasguño, -a adj.
n.
arañazo s.m.
chiripa s.f.
desolladura s.f.
línea de partida s.f.
rascadura s.f.
rasguño s.m.
rayado s.m.
tachón s.m.
uñada s.f.
zaparrazo s.m.
v.
arañar v.
arpar v.
escarbar v.
gatear v.
rascar v.
rasguñar v.
raspar v.
rayar v.

I skrætʃ
count noun
1)
a) (injury) rasguño m, arañazo m

he escaped without a scratch — resultó ileso, salió sin un rasguño

b) (on paint, record, furniture) rayón m
c) (sound) chirrido m
d) (act) (no pl)

can you give my back a scratch? — ¿me rascas la espalda?

2) (in phrases)

from scratch: he learned German from scratch aprendió alemán empezando desde cero; I had to start from scratch tuvo que empezar desde cero; to be up to scratch — (colloq) dar* la talla


II
1.
transitive verb
a) (damage) \<\<paint/record/furniture\>\> rayar
b) (with claws, nails) arañar
c) \<\<name/initials\>\> marcar*, grabar
d) (to relieve itch) \<\<bite/rash\>\> rascarse*

could you scratch my back for me? — ¿me rascas la espalda?

you scratch my back and I'll scratch yours — favor con favor se paga, hoy por ti, mañana por mí


2.
vi
1)
a) (damage, wound) arañar
b) (rub) \<\<wool/sweater\>\> raspar, picar*
c) (to relieve itching) rascarse*
d) (make scratching sound) rascar*
2) (withdraw) (Sport) retirarse
Phrasal Verbs:

III
adjective (before n)
a) (haphazard, motley) <team/meal> improvisado
b) (Sport) <player/runner> de primera
['skrætʃ]
1. N
1) (=mark) (on skin) arañazo m , rasguño m ; (on surface, record) raya f

it's just a scratch — es solo un rasguño, nada más

the cat gave her a scratch — el gato la arañó

he hadn't a scratch on him — no tenía ni un arañazo

to have a good scratch — rascarse con ganas

2) (=noise) chirrido m
3)

to start from scratch — (fig) partir de or empezar desde cero

we shall have to start from scratch again — tendremos que partir nuevamente de cero, tendremos que comenzar desde el principio otra vez

to be or come up to scratch — cumplir con los requisitos

to bring/keep sth up to scratch — poner/mantener algo en buenas condiciones

2. VT
1) (with claw, nail etc) rasguñar, arañar; (making sound) rascar, raspar; [+ surface, record] rayar; (=scramble, dig) escarbar

you'll scratch the worktop with that knife — vas a rayar la encimera con ese cuchillo

the glass of this watch cannot be scratched — el cristal de este reloj no se raya

he scratched his hand on a rose bush — se arañó la mano en un rosal

the lovers scratched their names on the tree — los amantes grabaron sus nombres en el árbol

surface 1., 1)
2) (to relieve itch) rascarse

he scratched his head — se rascó la cabeza

she scratched the dog's ear — le rascó la oreja al perro

3) (=cancel) [+ meeting, game] cancelar; (=cross off list) [+ horse, competitor] tachar, borrar

to scratch sb off a list — tachar a algn de una lista

4) (Comput) borrar
3.
VI [person, dog etc] rascarse; [hens] escarbar; [pen] rascar; [clothing] rascar, picar

stop scratching! — ¡deja de rascarte!

the dog scratched at the door — el perro arañó la puerta

4.
CPD [competitor] sin ventaja

scratch card N — tarjeta f de "rasque y gane"

scratch file N — (Comput) fichero m de trabajo

scratch meal N — comida f improvisada

scratch pad N(US) (=notepad) bloc m (para apuntes o para borrador) ; (Comput) bloc m de notas

scratch pad memory N — (Comput) memoria f del bloc de notas

scratch paper N(US) papel m de borrador

scratch score N — (Golf) puntuación f par

scratch tape N — cinta f reutilizable

scratch team N — equipo m improvisado

* * *

I [skrætʃ]
count noun
1)
a) (injury) rasguño m, arañazo m

he escaped without a scratch — resultó ileso, salió sin un rasguño

b) (on paint, record, furniture) rayón m
c) (sound) chirrido m
d) (act) (no pl)

can you give my back a scratch? — ¿me rascas la espalda?

2) (in phrases)

from scratch: he learned German from scratch aprendió alemán empezando desde cero; I had to start from scratch tuvo que empezar desde cero; to be up to scratch — (colloq) dar* la talla


II
1.
transitive verb
a) (damage) \<\<paint/record/furniture\>\> rayar
b) (with claws, nails) arañar
c) \<\<name/initials\>\> marcar*, grabar
d) (to relieve itch) \<\<bite/rash\>\> rascarse*

could you scratch my back for me? — ¿me rascas la espalda?

you scratch my back and I'll scratch yours — favor con favor se paga, hoy por ti, mañana por mí


2.
vi
1)
a) (damage, wound) arañar
b) (rub) \<\<wool/sweater\>\> raspar, picar*
c) (to relieve itching) rascarse*
d) (make scratching sound) rascar*
2) (withdraw) (Sport) retirarse
Phrasal Verbs:

III
adjective (before n)
a) (haphazard, motley) <team/meal> improvisado
b) (Sport) <player/runner> de primera

English-spanish dictionary. 2013.

Mira otros diccionarios:

  • scratch — [ skratʃ ] adj. inv. • 1854; mot angl. « rail, ligne de départ » ♦ Anglic. Autom. Temps, classement scratch : meilleur temps ou classement toutes catégories. ● scratch adjectif invariable (anglais scratch, marque) Au golf, se dit d un joueur qui… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Scratch — may refer to:MusicRecordings* Scratch (album), by Kaela Kimura * Scratch (soundtrack), the soundtrack to the film Scratch * Peter Gabriel (1978 album), a self titled album often referred to as Scratch * Scratch, a song by Morphine on the album… …   Wikipedia

  • Scratch — Scratch, скретч: Скретч  звуковой эффект, получаемый ручным продёргиванием звуковой дорожки грампластинки или магнитной ленты при воспроизведении; также, звуковой эффект при игре на гитаре, получаемый при скольжении по обмотке струн пальцев… …   Википедия

  • scratch — ► VERB 1) make a long mark or wound on (a surface) with something sharp or pointed. 2) rub (a part of one s body) with one s fingernails to relieve itching. 3) (of a bird or mammal) rake the ground with the beak or claws in search of food. 4)… …   English terms dictionary

  • scratch — [skrach] vt. [LME scracchen, prob. altered < scratten, to scratch, based on cracchen < or akin to MDu cratsen, to scratch < IE base * gred > Alb gërüj, (I) scratch] 1. to mark, break, or cut the surface of slightly with something… …   English World dictionary

  • Scratch — Scratch, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Scratched}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Scratching}.] [OE. cracchen (perhaps influenced by OE. scratten to scratch); cf. OHG. chrazz[=o]n, G. kratzen, OD. kratsen, kretsen, D. krassen, Sw. kratsa to scrape, kratta to rake, to… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Scratch — Scratch, n. 1. A break in the surface of a thing made by scratching, or by rubbing with anything pointed or rough; a slight wound, mark, furrow, or incision. [1913 Webster] The coarse file . . . makes deep scratches in the work. Moxon. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Scratch — (engl.: Kratzer, Schramme) bezeichnet: Scratchen oder Scratching, das bewegen einer Schallplatte durch einen DJ Scratch (Bahnradsport), eine Disziplin im Bahnradsport Scratch (Programmiersprache), eine visuelle Programmiersprache Scratch building …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • scratch — scratch; scratch·able; scratch·brush·er; scratch·er; scratch·i·ly; scratch·i·ness; scratch·ings; scratch·less; …   English syllables

  • Scratch — Scratch, a. Made, done, or happening by chance; arranged with little or no preparation; determined by circumstances; haphazard; as, a scratch team; a scratch crew for a boat race; a scratch shot in billiards. [Slang] [1913 Webster] {Scratch race} …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • scratch — [skrætʃ] <Adv.> [engl., zu scratch = hinterste Startlinie bei Handicaprennen] (Golf): ohne Vorgabe: er spielt s. * * * Scratch   [englisch/amerikanisch, skrætʃ; wörtlich »zerkratzen, streichen«], 1) kurzer, sofort abgedämpfter… …   Universal-Lexikon

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